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F(ab')2 fragment antibodies are generated by pepsin digestion of whole IgG antibodies to remove most of the Fc region while leaving some of the hinge region. F(ab')2 fragments have two antigen-binding Fab portions linked together by disulfide bonds and therefore they are divalent. The average molecular weight is about 110 kDa. They are used for specific applications, such as to avoid binding of secondary antibodies to live cells with Fc receptors or to Protein A or Protein G.
Alkaline phosphatase (from calf intestine) conjugates are prepared by a modified method of Avremeas et al., Scand. J. Immunol. 1978. 8 (Supple. 7), 7. Resulting conjugates contain heterogeneous, high molecular weight complexes. They are sensitive reagents for solid-phase immunoassays such as ELISA and Western blotting. Although alkaline phosphatase conjugates are sometimes used for immunohistochemistry, penetration into whole mount tissues may be limited by their large sizes.
This product is for IN VITRO RESEARCH USE ONLY. It is not a medical device and it is not intended for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.