Jackson Immuno Research Inc.
specializing in secondary antibodies and conjugates

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Biotin-SP (long spacer) AffiniPure F(ab')₂ Fragment Goat Anti-Human IgA + IgG + IgM (H+L)


Target: Human
Host: Goat
Antibody Format: F(ab')₂ Fragment
Specificity: IgA + IgG + IgM (H+L)
Conjugate: Biotin-SP (long spacer)
Product Category: F(ab')₂ Fragment Affinity-Purified Antibodies
Clonality: Polyclonal

Code: 109-066-064

Unit:
0.5 ml
Price:
$129.00
Quantity:



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Technical Info

F(ab')2 fragment antibodies are generated by pepsin digestion of whole IgG antibodies to remove most of the Fc region while leaving some of the hinge region. F(ab')2 fragments have two antigen-binding Fab portions linked together by disulfide bonds and therefore they are divalent. The average molecular weight is about 110 kDa. They are used for specific applications, such as to avoid binding of secondary antibodies to live cells with Fc receptors or to Protein A or Protein G.

Based on immunoelectrophoresis and/or ELISA, the antibody reacts with human IgA, IgG, and IgM. It also reacts with the light chains of other human immunoglobulins. No antibody was detected against non-immunoglobulin serum proteins. The antibody may cross-react with immunoglobulins from other species.
Physical State: Freeze-dried solid
Storage:

Store freeze-dried powder at 2-8°C. When ready to use, rehydrate with indicated volume of d. water and centrifuge if not clear. Product is stable for about 6 weeks at 2-8°C as an undiluted liquid. Prepare working dilution fresh each day. For extended storage after rehydration, add an equal volume of glycerol (ACS grade or better) for a final concentration of 50%, and store at -20°C as a liquid. Note: after the addition of glycerol, the concentration of protein and buffer salts is one-half of the original. Alternatively, aliquot and freeze the product at -70°C or below in the absence of glycerol. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Expiration date: one year from date of rehydration. However, the expiration date may be extended if the product is stored according to the recommendation and the test results are acceptable for its intended use.


Purity: The antibody was purified from antisera by a combination of pepsin digestion and immunoaffinity chromatography using antigens coupled to agarose beads. Fc fragments and whole IgG molecules have been removed.
Buffer: 0.01M Sodium Phosphate, 0.25M NaCl, pH 7.6
Stabilizer: 15 mg/ml Bovine Serum Albumin (IgG-Free, Protease-Free)
Preservative: 0.05% Sodium Azide

Suggested Working Concentration or Dilution Range:

1:20,000 - 1:400,000 for ELISA and Western blotting using enzyme-conjugated streptavidin
1:500 - 1:5,000 for enzyme immunohisto/cytochemistry
1:200 - 1:1,000 for flow cytometry and fluorescence immunohisto/cytochemistry

Dilution factors are presented in the form of a range because the optimal dilution is a function of many factors, such as antigen density, permeability, etc. The actual dilution used must be determined empirically.

Biotin-SP (long spacer)



Biotin-SP is our trade name for biotin with a 6-atom spacer positioned between biotin and the protein to which it is conjugated. When Biotin-SP-conjugated antibodies are used in enzyme immunoassays, there is an increase in sensitivity compared to biotin-conjugated antibodies without the spacer. This is especially notable when Biotin-SP conjugated antibodies are used with alkaline phosphatase-conjugated streptavidin. Apparently, the long spacer extends the biotin moiety away from the antibody surface, making it more accessible to binding sites on streptavidin. Biotinylated antibodies require an additional reagent for visualization. We offer streptavidin and Mouse Anti-Biotin conjugated to fluorophores and enzymes.

This product is for IN VITRO RESEARCH USE ONLY. It is not a medical device and it is not intended for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.