Whole IgG antibodies are isolated as intact molecules from antisera by immunoaffinity chromatography. They have an Fc portion and two antigen binding Fab portions joined together by disulfide bonds and therefore they are divalent. The average molecular weight is reported to be about 160 kDa. The whole IgG form of antibodies is suitable for the majority of immunodetection procedures and is the most cost effective.
1:50 - 1:200 for most applications
Dilution factors are presented in the form of a range because the optimal dilution is a function of many factors, such as antigen density, permeability, etc. The actual dilution used must be determined empirically.
Allophycocyanin (APC) is among several kinds of light-harvesting phycobiliproteins found in red, blue-green, and cryptomonad algae. APC is isolated from the blue-green alga Spirulina, and is chemically cross-linked for stability. After phycobiliproteins are conjugated to secondary antibodies, there is little fluorescence quenching, which results in conjugates of high specific fluorescence compared with conventional fluorophore-antibody conjugates. APC can be excited by light over a wide range of the visible spectrum, is highly water soluble, has a relatively low isoelectric point, and lacks potentially sticky carbohydrates.
It should be noted that the relatively high molecular weight of APC may preclude its use in procedures requiring good penetration into cells and tissues. It is predominantly intended for surface labeling of cells for flow cytometry.
This product is for IN VITRO RESEARCH USE ONLY. It is not a medical device and it is not intended for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.