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Whole IgG antibodies are isolated as intact molecules from antisera by immunoaffinity chromatography. They have an Fc portion and two antigen binding Fab portions joined together by disulfide bonds and therefore they are divalent. The average molecular weight is reported to be about 160 kDa. The whole IgG form of antibodies is suitable for the majority of immunodetection procedures and is the most cost effective.
Storage and Rehydration: Store freeze-dried solid at 2-8°C. Rehydrate with the indicated volume of dH2O (see product specification sheet) and centrifuge if not clear. Prepare working dilution on day of use. Product is stable for about 6 weeks at 2-8°C as an undiluted liquid.
Extended Storage after Rehydration: Aliquot and freeze at -70°C or below. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing. Alternatively, add an equal volume of glycerol (ACS grade or better) for a final concentration of 50%, and store at -20°C as a liquid.
Expiration date: one year from date of rehydration. The expiration date may be extended if test results are acceptable for the intended use.
1:100 - 1:400 for most applications
Dilution factors are presented in the form of a range because the optimal dilution is a function of many factors, such as antigen density, permeability, etc. The actual dilution used must be determined empirically.
Cy5 conjugates are excited maximally at 650 nm and fluoresce maximally at 670 nm. They can be excited to about 98% of maximum with a krypton/argon laser (647 nm line) or to about 63% of maximum with a helium/neon laser (633 nm line). Cy5 can be used with a variety of other fluorophores for multiple labeling due to a wide separation of its emission from that of shorter wavelength-emitting fluorophores. However, we recommend Alexa Fluor® 647 as the preferred far-red-fluorescing dye because it is brighter than Cy5 in aqueous mounting media. The reverse is true when mounting in non-polar, plastic mounting media, i.e. Cy5 is brighter than other far-red-fluorescing dyes, including Alexa Fluor® 647 and DyLight 650.
Determining Cardiomyocytes from heart primary cultures: 3 cell types are identified in this image. Red only cells show fibroblasts (positive for Rat Anti-tubulin); Smooth muscle cells are positive for both tubulin ( Cy™3 AffiniPure Donkey Anti-Rat IgG (H+L)(min X Bov, Ck, Gt, GP, Sy Hms, Hrs, Hu, Ms, Rb, Shp Sr Prot) - 712-165-153 - pseudo colored red) and desmin (Cy™5 AffiniPure Donkey Anti-Mouse IgG (H+L)(min X Bov, Ck, Gt, GP, Sy Hms, Hrs, Hu, Rb, Rat, Shp Sr Prot) - 715-175-151 - pseudo colored blue). Cardiomyocytes are identified in this image by their exhibition of green stripes, positive for sarcomeric alpha-actinin (Cy™2 AffiniPure Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L)(min X Hu, Ms, Rat Sr Prot) - 111-225-144 - pseudo colored green).
Dr Ehler - King's College London
This product is for in vitro research use only. It is not a medical device and it is not intended for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Cy is a trademark of GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences Ltd. Jackson ImmunoResearch is licensed by GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences Ltd. to manufacture and sell conjugates of Cy2, Cy3, and Cy5 reactive dyes under US Patent Number 5,268,486, and other patents pending.