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Whole IgG antibodies are isolated as intact molecules from antisera by immunoaffinity chromatography. They have an Fc portion and two antigen binding Fab portions joined together by disulfide bonds and therefore they are divalent. The average molecular weight is reported to be about 160 kDa. The whole IgG form of antibodies is suitable for the majority of immunodetection procedures and is the most cost effective.
Store freeze-dried powder at 2-8°C. When ready to use, rehydrate with indicated volume of d. water and centrifuge if not clear. Product is stable for about 6 weeks at 2-8°C as an undiluted liquid. Prepare working dilution fresh each day. For extended storage after rehydration, add an equal volume of glycerol (ACS grade or better) for a final concentration of 50%, and store at -20°C as a liquid. Note: after the addition of glycerol, the concentration of protein and buffer salts is one-half of the original. Alternatively, aliquot and freeze the product at -70°C or below in the absence of glycerol. Avoid repeated freezing and thawing.
Expiration date: one year from date of rehydration. However, the expiration date may be extended if the product is stored according to the recommendation and the test results are acceptable for its intended use.
1:50 - 1:200 for most applications
Dilution factors are presented in the form of a range because the optimal dilution is a function of many factors, such as antigen density, permeability, etc. The actual dilution used must be determined empirically.
Cy2 conjugates have maximum absorption/excitation at 492 nm and fluoresce with a peak around 510 nm in the green region of the visible spectrum like FITC conjugates (520 nm), but they are more photostable and less sensitive to pH changes than FITC. However, for mounting in aqueous media we recommend Alexa Fluor® 488 as the preferred green-fluorescing dye because it is brighter and more photostable than Cy2, FITC, and DyLight 488. A further disadvantage of using Cy2 with aqueous mounting media is its sensitivity to p-phenylenediamine, an anti-fading agent found in some commercial mounting media, which results in weak and diffused fluorescence after storage of stained slides. The main advantage of Cy2 conjugates is increased fluorescence in plastic mounting media.
Jejunum villi superficial epithelium labeled with Ulex-biotin Streptavidin-Cy5 (016-170-084 blue), gastric K cells labeled with goat anti-GIP + donkey anti-goat-Cy2 (705-225-147 green) and nerve fibers labeled with mouse anti-tubulin + donkey anti-mouse-Cy3 (715-165-151 red).
Brian McAdams and William Kennedy, University of Minnesota.
This product is for IN VITRO RESEARCH USE ONLY. It is not a medical device and it is not intended for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.
Cy is a trademark of GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences Ltd. Jackson ImmunoResearch is licensed by GE Healthcare Bio-Sciences Ltd. to manufacture and sell conjugates of Cy2, Cy3, and Cy5 reactive dyes under US Patent Number 5,268,486, and other patents pending.