Jackson Immuno Research Inc.
specializing in secondary antibodies and conjugates

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Fluorescent Dyes

Brilliant Violet™
421 & 480

  • Combine with AF488, RR-X, & AF647 for 5-color imaging
  • Compatible with commonly used filter sets
  • Switch nuclear stain from DAPI to DRAQ5™ for additional labeling options

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Whole IgG Affinity-Purified Secondary Antibodies

"Our laboratory has standardized the majority of our ELISA assays using JIR secondary antibodies. These antibodies have been proven to be extremely reliable, stable, and consistent. When I order products we receive them the next morning which is very convenient."

Mardi Reymann, University of MD Baltimore

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Peridinin-Chlorophyll-protein, PerCP

Peridinin-Chlorophyll-protein, PerCP Technical Information

figure 1 Figure 1. Relative shape and position of spectra in the peak region of excitation (blue) and emission (purple) for PerCP conjugated to an affinity-purified secondary antibody from Jackson ImmunoResearch. Quantitative comparisons should not be made since peak heights have been normalized. Spectra were obtained with an M-Series spectrofluorometer system from Photon Technology International, Inc.

PerCP is a fluorescent peridinin-chlorophyll protein complex isolated from dinoflagellates. We offer the form found in Dinophyceae sp. with a molecular weight of about 35.5 kDa. It has a broad spectrum of excitation with a main peak at 472 nm, and a long Stokes shift to an emission peak at 677 nm (Figure 1).

PerCP conjugates of highly adsorbed secondary antibodies are offered to label unconjugated primary antibodies, and PerCP-streptavidin is offered to label biotinylated primary or secondary antibodies (Figures 2 and 3). Two practical labeling protocols are possible with the products.

Compared with a single-step PerCP-conjugated primary antibody (Figure 2), about the same level of fluorescence is obtained with a two-step procedure using a biotinylated primary antibody and PerCP-conjugated streptavidin. A consistent, slightly higher signal is achieved by using an unconjugated primary antibody and PerCP-conjugated secondary antibody. Although three-step procedures are usually undesirable for flow cytometry, a somewhat greater amplification may be obtained with unconjugated primary antibody, biotinylated secondary antibody, and PerCP-conjugated streptavidin (Figure 3).

PerCP conjugates may be used alone or with Alexa Fluor® 488 (or FITC) and R-PE for one- to three-color analyses with a single-laser flow cytometer equipped with an argon laser emiting at 488 nm. Up to four-color analyses with low compensation are easily achieved by adding APC-conjugated antibodies with 633 or 635 nm excitation provided by a dual-laser flow cytometer (Figure 4).

figure 2 Figure 2. Human peripheral lymphocytes were stained either directly with PerCP-conjugated anti-CD3 (orange) from BioLegend, or indirectly with biotin-conjugated anti-CD3 (B-D Pharmingen) and PerCP-streptavidin either from Jackson ImmunoResearch (blue), BioLegend (purple), or B-D Pharmingen (red). For further comparison, cells were stained with unconjugated anti-CD3 (B-D Pharmingen) and PerCP-conjugated secondary antibody from Jackson ImmunoResearch (green). Stained cells were analyzed in a dual-laser FACSCalibur flow cytometer (Becton Dickinson).
figure 3 Figure 3. Human peripheral lymphocytes were stained with unconjugated anti-CD3 (B-D Pharmingen) and PerCP-conjugated secondary antibody from Jackson ImmunoResearch (green), or with biotin-conjugated anti-CD3 (B-D Pharmingen) and PerCP-streptavidin from Jackson ImmunoResearch (blue). For further comparison, cells were stained with unconjugated anti-CD3 (B-D Pharmingen), biotinylated secondary antibody and PerCP-streptavidin from Jackson ImmunoResearch (red). Stained cells were analyzed in a dual-laser FACSCalibur flow cytometer (Becton Dickinson)
figure 4 Figure 4. Excitation spectra (left) for PerCP-(blue), Alexa Fluor® 488/FITC-(green), R-PE-(red), and APC-(brown) conjugated secondary antibodies from Jackson ImmunoResearch. Emission spectra (right) for Alexa Fluor® 488/FITC-(green), R-PE-(pink), APC-(brown), and PerCP-(purple) conjugated secondary antibodies from Jackson ImmunoResearch. Quantitative comparisons should not be made since peak heights have been normalized. All spectra were obtained with an M-Series spectrofluorometer system from Photon Technology International, Inc.