Jackson Immuno Research Inc.
specializing in secondary antibodies and conjugates

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Multiple Labeling

With BV421™ & BV480™

  • Combine with AF488, RR-X, and AF647 for 5-color imaging
  • Compatible with commonly used filter sets
  • Switch nuclear stain from DAPI to DRAQ5 for additional labeling options

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Aminomethylcoumarin (AMCA)

AMCA Technical Information

Aminomethylcoumarin (AMCA) conjugates absorb light maximally around 350 nm and fluoresce maximally around 450 nm (Figure 2 and Table 1). For fluorescence microscopy, AMCA can be excited with a mercury lamp and observed using a UV filter set. Since blue fluorescence is not well detected by the human eye, AMCA-conjugated secondary antibodies should be used only with the most abundant antigens in multiple-labeling experiments. Ways of improving the visibility of AMCA include dark adapting the eyes, using fluorite instead of glass objectives, avoiding mounting media that absorb UV light (such as plastic-based media), and capturing photographic images with blue-sensitive film or CCD cameras. AMCA fades rapidly in conventional epifluorescence and confocal microscopy, and therefore it should be used with mounting media containing an anti-fading agent such as n-propyl gallate.

AMCA Spectra Excitation and emission spectra of AMCA-conjugated affinity-purified secondary antibodies, streptavidin, and purified proteins. Peak heights have been normalized, spectra were obtained with an M-Series spectrophotometer system from Photon Technology International, Inc. Values are approximate, actual values may vary depending on the spectrofluorometer used in each laboratory.

For flow cytometry, AMCA can be excited with a mercury lamp or with a water-cooled argon ion laser which emits some lines in the UV. AMCA has been used mostly for multiple labeling since there is minimal fluorescence overlap with green-fluorescing dyes and little or no overlap with longer wavelength-emitting fluorophores. Applications for multiple labeling with this probe include both immunofluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry. AMCA is not suggested for single labeling in one-photon microscopy because of its relatively weak signal and rapid fading. However, AMCA has been found to be a bright and photostable dye for 2-photon microscopy. In one-photon microscopy DyLight 405 is a better choice for multiple labeling.

Excitation Peak Emission Peak (nm)
Aminomethylcoumarin, AMCA 350 450