Cy 3 is brighter, more photostable, and gives less background than other orange-red fluorescing dye conjugates. Cy3 conjugates can be excited maximally at 550 nm, with peak emission at 570 nm. For fluorescence microscopy, Cy3 can be visualized with traditional tetramethyl rhodamine (TRITC) filter sets, since the excitation and emission spectra are nearly identical to those of TRITC. We recommend Cy3 as a brighter alternative to TRITC. Cy3 can be excited to about 50% of maximum with an argon laser (514 nm or 528 nm lines), or to about 75% of maximum with a helium/neon laser (543 nm line) or mercury lamp (546 nm line). Cy3 has been used with fluorescein for double labeling; however, the use of a narrow band-pass emission filter for fluorescein is recommended to minimize Cy3 fluorescence in the FITC filter set. Cy3 can also be paired with Alexa Fluor® 647 for multiple labeling when using a confocal microscope. However, a better choice for multiple labeling is Rhodamine Red-X because its fluorescence is midway between a green fluorescing dye (like Alexa Fluor® 488) and a far-red-fluorescing dye like Alexa Fluor® 647.
Excitation and emission spectra of Cy3-conjugated affinity-purified secondary antibodies, streptavidin, and purified proteins. Peak heights have been normalized, spectra were obtained with an M-Series spectrophotometer system from Photon Technology International, Inc. Values are approximate, actual values may vary depending on the spectrofluorometer used in each laboratory.
|Excitation Peak||Emission Peak (nm)|
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